Pointe Coupee Poste - Glenn
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Early Families

Excerpted from Brian J. Costello's presentation on the Foundations of Early People 1680s-1740s:

Early People

Jan 1, 1726 Census: first known to mention settlement at Pointe Coupee, apparently at Ste. Reyne on east bank of Mississippi: 17 persons: Albert DeCuir, associate and three children; Albert LeGros, wife and two children; Francois Doegoin, wife, three children and associate named Beaufils; Gabriel Poulin and wife.

1727 Census, Left bank ascending (first known to mention settlement on west side of Mississippi River: DeCuir, DeCoux, Hainaut, Haussy, Allain, Allard, Homard, Paillard, Hanotiau, Daublin, Bienvenu, Foucaut, Madre, Baudoin, Musset and Genouy.

1729 Massacre by Natchez Indians at Ste. Catherine Concession in Natchez resulted in the flight of the survivors. Among those relocating to Pointe Coupee were LaCour and Guerin families. Official correspondence mentioning two small forts, built at upper and lower ends of Pointe Coupee settlement in 1732 and a simple redoubt built in 1733 are the first references to a military poste.

Meanwhile, additional families steadily arrived from France, Quebec, Montreal and other areas of French Louisiana. Their names, as evidenced in the sacramental records and whose descendants remain in Pointe Coupee and elsewhere in South Louisiana to the present day include: Anty, Armant, Bahaut, Balquet, Bara, Baron, Barre, Beauvais, Breza/Breza dit Lafleur, Bizette, Bonaventure, Bordelon, Bosseron dit Major (now Major), Bourgeat, Briard, Calais, Carmouche, Cheval, Chustz, Clausse Steiche, Cloutier, Courtableau, Croizet, David, De La Houssaye, De La Mirande (descendants of at least two Chevaliers de L’Ordre de St. Louis), De La Morandiere, Delatte, De Monchervaux, Deruit, DesHotels, Desmarets, De Verbois, De Vidrine, Dozat, Ducote, Ducrest, Dufour, Dumoulin, Duplechain, Emond, Frederic, Fruge, Gagnard, Gallien, Gauthier, Gerard, Gosserand, Goudeau, Gremillon, Gueho, Guillot, Hollier, Jarreau, Joffrion, Juneau, Labbe, L’Age, Landerenau, Langlois, Lassere, LeBleu, LeClerc, LeDoux, LeGue, Lemoine, Leonard, LePorche (now Porche), Manne, Marcantel, Marionneaux, Mayeux, Moreau, Nezat, Olivo, Ozenne, Patin, Perrault, Peutresset dit Olinde (now Olinde), Picard, Pock (now Poche), Pourciau (who had come to Louisiana on LaLoire in 1720), Provost, Rabalais, Rachal, Recuron, Ricard, Richard, Riche, Robillard, Rondot, Roy, Saizan, Sarazin, Saucier, Soileau, Souderic, St. Cyr, Trenonay de Chanfret, Trudeaud and Wisse. Spellings vary over time; many could not sign names

Other European families included Hingle and Waiscrame from Germany; Idcardgald from Ireland; Morin and Ribolle from Spain

No Acadians! Spanish governor prohibited them from settling at Pointe Coupee. Acadian records in St. Francis sacramental records are for Acadians temporarily settled across Mississippi River or en route to Southwest Louisiana.

The 1731 Census is the first to mention Africans at Pointe Coupee, imported as slaves to be the backbone of an economy based first on tobacco and indigo, cotton at the turn of the 18th and 19th centuries and sugar cane in the early 1800s. Their origins included Juda (Whydah), Cabinda (now Angola) and Senegal. Most came from Senegambia, the Bight of Benin and Congo/Angola. Among their number were farmers and metalworkers, and many were Moslem in faith. Most of the slaves were baptized in the Catholic religion, the first known being Louis, slave of Jean Baptiste Homard, in 1735.

1740 Sacramental Records : received into the Catholic faith were many of the neighboring Tunica Indians. Though they rarely were assigned surnames, the slaves and Indians were baptized with typical French Christian names such as Anne, Catherine and Marie, Jean Joseph and Pierre. Records of the early enslaved Christians are cross-referenced to slaveholders’ names by the Catholic Diocese of Baton Rouge, thus allowing for greater ease in tracing lineages by descendants.

Summary of 1745 Census:  Franco-African-Indian family networks show early union Marie, Indian, 29 and Pierre Motet, French,24.   260 Europeans, 391 African slaves, 20 Indian slaves, 15 mulatto slaves, 3 free Indians.

French were from various provinces; Africans were from various regions, different languages; together they formed the local Creole dialect, with more or less French vocabulary and African sentence structure, closest equivalent being Haitian.